Twelfth Sunday after Pentecost Year A

First Reading: Isaiah 51:1-6

Thus, says the Lord:  "Listen to me, you that pursue righteousness, you that seek the LORD.  Look to the rock from which you were hewn, and to the quarry from which you were dug. Look to Abraham your father and to Sarah who bore you; for he was but one when I called him, but I blessed him and made him many. For the LORD will comfort Zion; he will comfort all her waste places, and will make her wilderness like Eden, her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness will be found in her, thanksgiving and the voice of song.  Listen to me, my people, and give heed to me, my nation; for a teaching will go out from me, and my justice for a light to the peoples. I will bring near my deliverance swiftly; my salvation has gone out and my arms will rule the peoples;

the coastlands wait for me, and for my arm they hope. Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look at the earth beneath; for the heavens will vanish like smoke, the earth will wear out like a garment, and those who live on it will die like gnats; but my salvation will be forever, and my deliverance will never be ended."


1.  How was Abraham reckoned as righteous?

2.  How do we pursue righteousness?


Psalm 138 Page 793, BCP

Confitebor tibi



    I will give thanks to you, O LORD, with my whole heart; *

    before the gods I will sing your praise.


    I will bow down toward your holy temple

    and praise your Name, *

    because of your love and faithfulness;


    For you have glorified your Name *

    and your word above all things.


    When I called, you answered me; *

    you increased my strength within me.


    All the kings of the earth will praise you, O LORD, *

    when they have heard the words of your mouth.


    They will sing of the ways of the LORD, *

    that great is the glory of the LORD.


    Though the LORD be high, he cares for the lowly; *

    he perceives the haughty from afar.


    Though I walk in the midst of trouble, you keep me safe; *

    you stretch forth your hand against the fury of my enemies;

    your right hand shall save me.


    The LORD will make good his purpose for me; *

    O LORD, your love endures for ever;

    do not abandon the works of your hands.


1.  When is God closest to us?



Epistle Reading: Romans 11:33-36

O the depth of the riches and wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments and how inscrutable his ways!  "For who has known the mind of the Lord?  Or who has been his counselor?"  "Or who has given a gift to him, to receive a gift in return?"  For from him and through him and to him are all things. To him be the glory forever. Amen.


1.   Is there anything we can do to add to or take away from God?




The Gospel:  Matthew 16:13-20

When Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, "Who do people say that the Son of Man is?" And they said, "Some say John the Baptist, but others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets." He said to them, "But who do you say that I am?" Simon Peter answered, "You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God." And Jesus answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." Then he sternly ordered the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.


 1.   From where does the Church receive her authority?

2.  What kind of authority does the Church have?

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